By Warwick Lister
Giovanni Battista Viotti was once definitely the main influential violinist of his time, and his variety keeps to pervade to the current day. The final nice consultant of the Italian culture that Corelli begun, Viotti is frequently thought of the founding father of the fashionable or 19th-century French college of violin enjoying. In Amico: The lifetime of Giovanni Battista Viotti, writer Warwick Lister presents the 1st whole biography in English of this consistently major violinist. a lot of the documentary fabric Lister cites is formerly unknown or no longer translated. Lister's biography takes the reader on a desirable trip over the ecu continent and into the musical tradition of the past due 18th century. Born 365 days sooner than Mozart and loss of life 3 years ahead of Beethoven's loss of life, Viotti rose from the standard origins of a blacksmith's son in a village close to Turin, Italy, to foreign popularity. His multifarious profession as a live performance performer, composer, instructor, opera theater director, and impresario was once performed out opposed to the backdrop of a dramatically altering international - he served as a court docket musician for no much less a determine than Marie Antoinette earlier than founding an opera condominium in Paris. Viotti additionally knew tragedy in addition to luck: he used to be compelled to escape the French Revolution, he used to be exiled from England for a longer interval in accordance with suspicions of sure Jacobin traits, his try and identify himself in company met with failure, and he died seriously in debt. Lister concludes Amico through coming to grips with the very issues that account for Viotti's greatness and effect: the technical points of his violin taking part in and compositions. With its huge documentary study and the inclusion of translations of varied archival records, this can be the basic English-language biography of Viotti, an important addition to the libraries of scholars and students of 18th and early nineteenth century track, in addition to violin performers, scholars, and teachers.
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Extra resources for Amico: The Life of Giovanni Battista Viotti
As for other technical training, it is easy to forget that all of the staples of the young violinist of today, the studies of Kreutzer, Rode, Fiorillo, Gaviniès, and the myriad others coming afterward, lay very much in the future when Viotti was studying with Pugnani. L’arte del arco, attributed to Giuseppe Tartini, had been published in Paris in 1758, and Tartini’s Letter [. ] to Signora Maddalena Lombardini was published in Venice in 1770, though it had been written in 1760. It seems reasonable to suppose that Pugnani would have been aware of these works, both of which stressed mastery of the bow.
It is an elegant rotund, built of black marble, and happily constructed for music, being very high, and terminated by a dome. I need say nothing of the performance of Signor Pugnani, his talents being too well known in England to require it. 97 The inimitable Burney’s description is, as always, wonderfully sharp-eyed, but it is misleading in several ways. 98 And Burney seems to be describing two different spaces, though without saying so. 4). But, in that case, where were the other two galleries?
114 Viotti almost certainly played the viola during his ﬁrst year in the orchestra of the royal Chapel and Chamber. ” The man whom Viotti replaced, one Giovanni Toso, though also referred to as a violinist in the same document, played the viola in the orchestra. 115 Toso played until 5 March, when Viotti took his place; the ﬁrst quarterly payment was divided between them proportionately. Beginning in the ﬁrst quarter of 1777, Viotti appears in the last (seventh) chair of the ﬁrst violins, which place he occupied until he left Italy in December 1779.
Amico: The Life of Giovanni Battista Viotti by Warwick Lister