By Qingshun He, Bingjun Yang
This booklet makes a speciality of the structural variety, semantic variability, case selection, stylistic features and diachronic distribution of English absolute clauses. The syntactic roles assumed by way of absolute clauses within the conventional feel might be classified into clausal adjuncts, attendant situations and appositives. those 3 forms of functionality correspond to the 3 hypotactic expansions within the relation method of clause complexes in Systemic sensible Linguistics, i.e., elaboration, extension and enhancement. This study, accordingly, redefines absolute clauses within the framework of SFL and proposes 4 syntactic varieties of absolute clauses: absolute paratactic clauses (elaboration), absolute hypotactic clauses (extension and enhancement), absolute projected clauses (fact and act) and absolute embedded clauses (subject). in line with the Brown kinfolk corpora, BNC and COHA, this learn unearths that varied functionality sorts of absolute clauses range by way of their stylistic and diachronic distributions, and either nominative and accusative instances are acceptable.
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Extra info for Absolute Clauses in English from the Systemic Functional Perspective: A Corpus-Based Study
According to the analysis above, it is problematic to define absolute clauses as non-finite and verbless adverbial clauses with an explicit subject but without an introducing subordinator, because being adverbial is not the necessary requirement for constituting absolute clauses. Absolute clauses are not always non-finite or verbless adverbial clauses with an explicit subject; they may also be non-finite or verbless appositive clauses with an explicit subject. Accordingly, at least three questions in research available need to be answered.
Boston: D. C. Heath. 28 2 Absolute Clauses in the Literature Fowler, W. C. (1860). English grammar. S. Barnes. Fowler, H. W. (1965). ). Oxford: Oxford University Press. Frank, M. (1972). Modern English: A practical reference guide. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall. Genung, J. F. (1885). The practical elements of rhetoric: With illustrative examples. Charleston: BiblioBazaar. Gildersleeve, B. L. (1888). On the stylistic effect of the Greek participle. The American Journal of Philosophy, 9(2), 137–157.
From the system category, he developed systemic grammar, and from the structure category, he developed functional grammar. In systemic grammar, language is considered as a meaning system, and form is the realization of meaning. However, without a formal theory, the meaning will not be realized. In functional grammar, form is represented as the constituent structure of rank, based on which the functional syntactic structures related to the three metafunctions are established, including the transitivity structure realizing ideational metafunction, the mood structure realizing interpersonal metafunction, and the thematic and information structures realizing textual metafunction.
Absolute Clauses in English from the Systemic Functional Perspective: A Corpus-Based Study by Qingshun He, Bingjun Yang