By M. O. Wise
A learn of 1 of the Qumran texts, studying its features and authorship. the writer concludes that the Temple Scroll used to be an eschatalogical legislations booklet, composed round a hundred and fifty BC through `The instructor of Righteousness' and never a made from the Qumran group.
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Additional resources for A Critical Study of the Temple Scroll from Qumran Cave 11 (Studies in Ancient Oriental Civilization, No. 49)
See below, chapter 3. 16 A CRITICAL STUDY OF THE TEMPLE SCROLL FROM QUMRAN CAVE 11 to the scrolls for help on linguistic, historical, and theological problems. With the publication of the TS, réévaluation of many earlier studies will be necessary. 109 One NT problem into which the TS has afforded new insight is the Matthean divorce texts, which Fitzmyer has reexamined in the light of TS 57:17-19 and CD 4:12-5:14. " Matt generally denies the possibility of divorce at 5:32 and 19:9, but qualifies his prohibition by adding the phrases παρεκτός λόγου πορνείας• ("apart from a matter of porneia") and μή έτή πορνεία ("except for porneia") to the two verses, respectively.
S. van der Woude, JSJ 10 (1979): 106. The substantive reviews are M. Sweeney, HS 28 (1987): 189-91, Μ. Ο. Wise, JNES 48 (1989): 4 0 41, and D. P. Wright, Β A 52 (1989):45. 20 A CRITICAL STUDY OF THE TEMPLE SCROLL FROM QUMRAN CAVE 11 translation to Yadin's, one which was often more idiomatic. 133 Included with the translation was a helpful outline of the TS contents, and notes even more copious than in the German work. In Maier's view, the TS "interweaves Utopian and realistic" elements. 1 3 4 One of the realistic elements, in the sense that the author actually intended to build it, was the temple plan.
This man, a pupil of the famous Antigonus of Socho, was also the Teacher of Righteousness. , then "discovered" it a few years later, an event to which CD 5:2 alludes. The astronomical and luminary portions of 1 Enoch antedated and influenced llQTorah. But all the most important DSS—CD, the Discipline Scroll (1QS), and the War Scroll (1QM), even Jubilees (here identified as of Qumranic origin)—followed the scroll and depend on it heavily. The scroll's temple plan influenced the Jewish historian Eupolemus in his description of the temple of his day.
A Critical Study of the Temple Scroll from Qumran Cave 11 (Studies in Ancient Oriental Civilization, No. 49) by M. O. Wise