By Hasia Diner, Gennady Estraikh
The yr 1929 represents a huge turning aspect in interwar Jewish society, proving to be a yr whilst Jews, despite the place they lived, observed themselves stricken by advancements that came about world wide, because the crises continued through different Jews grew to become a part of the transnational Jewish recognition. within the usa, the inventory marketplace crash introduced lasting monetary, social, and ideological alterations to the Jewish neighborhood and constrained its skill to aid humanitarian and nationalist tasks in different nations. In Palestine, the anti-Jewish riots in Hebron and different cities underscored the vulnerability of the Zionist firm and ignited heated discussions between quite a few Jewish political teams in regards to the knowledge of building a Jewish nation on its old website. while, within the Soviet Union, the consolidation of strength within the arms of Stalin created a way more dogmatic weather within the overseas Communist flow, together with its Jewish branches. Featuring a glowing array of students of Jewish historical past, 1929 surveys the Jewish global in a single yr delivering transparent examples of the transnational connections which associated Jews to every other—from politics, international relations, and philanthropy to literature, tradition, and the destiny of Yiddish—regardless of the place they lived. Taken jointly, the essays in 1929 argue that, even if American, Soviet, German, Polish, or Palestinian, Jews during the global lived in an international context. Hasia Diner is Paul S. and Sylvia Steinberg Professor of yank Jewish heritage, Skirball division of Hebrew and Judaic experiences at ny collage. She is the writer of the award-winning We take into accout with Reverence and Love: American Jews and the parable of Silence after the Holocaust, 1945-1962 (NYU Press, 2009). Gennady Estraikh is affiliate Professor of Yiddish stories, Skirball division of Hebrew and Judaic reviews at long island University. In the Goldstein-Goren sequence in American Jewish History
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Additional info for 1929: Mapping the Jewish World (The Goldstein-Goren Series in American Jewish History)
The timing of the Birobidzhan drive was not good for domestic economic reasons as well: thanks to the large-scale industrialization of the Soviet Union, destitute shtetl dwellers had a good chance to find jobs in the growing urban centers of the European part of the country and did not have to try their luck in a distant and obscure province. The beginning of 1929 saw anti-Zionist and antireligious campaigns in the Soviet Union, triggered by the decision of the party’s Central Committee to leave little leeway for Jewish religious life.
In this lengthy section, many of the same concerns that had been raised in the “Year in Review” surfaced again—particularly the political and economic problems faced by various sectors of the Jewish people in their many places of residence— although not surprisingly here the AJY editors chronicled in even greater detail than before what the American Jewish Committee had done in relationship to those stressful situations. Finally, the AJY republished the annual report of the Jewish Publication Society of America, chronicling here some material on the cultural condition of America’s Jews, and—of great benefit to subsequent historians—it listed the names of all subscribers to JPS, arranging them by state, city, and country of residence and, in the process, showed that the words and works of American Jewry were being consumed by Jews in Shanghai, Berlin, Belfast, Jerusalem, and Budapest.
In contrast, using the arena of international diplomacy to control the manner in which the new east European nation-states related to their Jewish populations appeared to chime with that situation perfectly. For several decades before the First World War, Jewish leaders in western Europe and the United States had sought to advance the welfare of their east European coreligionists largely by exploiting the political clout of a small number of wealthy Jewish merchant and investment bankers—people like Gerson Bleichröder, Jacob Schiff, the Warburg family, and most famously, the Rothschilds.
1929: Mapping the Jewish World (The Goldstein-Goren Series in American Jewish History) by Hasia Diner, Gennady Estraikh