Read e-book online 1177 B.C. : the year civilization collapsed PDF

By Eric H. Cline

ISBN-10: 0691140898

ISBN-13: 9780691140896

In 1177 B.C., marauding teams recognized basically because the "Sea Peoples" invaded Egypt. The pharaoh's military and army controlled to defeat them, however the victory so weakened Egypt that it quickly slid into decline, as did lots of the surrounding civilizations. After centuries of brilliance, the civilized global of the Bronze Age got here to an abrupt and cataclysmic finish. Kingdoms fell like dominoes over the process quite a few a long time. not more Minoans or Mycenaeans. not more Trojans, Hittites, or Babylonians. The thriving economic climate and cultures of the past due moment millennium B.C., which had stretched from Greece to Egypt and Mesopotamia, by surprise ceased to exist, besides writing structures, expertise, and huge structure. however the Sea Peoples on my own couldn't have brought on such common breakdown. How did it happen?

In this significant new account of the explanations of this "First darkish Ages," Eric Cline tells the gripping tale of ways the top was once caused by means of a number of interconnected disasters, starting from invasion and insurrection to earthquakes, drought, and the slicing of foreign alternate routes. Bringing to lifestyles the colourful multicultural global of those nice civilizations, he attracts a sweeping landscape of the empires and globalized peoples of the overdue Bronze Age and indicates that it used to be their very interdependence that hastened their dramatic cave in and ushered in a gloomy age that lasted centuries.

A compelling mix of narrative and the most recent scholarship, 1177 B.C. sheds new mild at the advanced ties that gave upward push to, and eventually destroyed, the flourishing civilizations of the past due Bronze Age--and that set the level for the emergence of classical Greece.

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Dividing their things, their hearts joyful. 6 And, with that, the Egyptians expelled the Hyksos from the land. They fled back to Retenu (one of the ancient Egyptian names for modern-­day Israel and Syria, the same general area also known to the Egyptians as Pa-­ka-­na-­na, or Canaan). The Egyptians, meanwhile, established the Eighteenth Dynasty, begun by Kamose’s brother Ahmose, which initiated what we now call the New Kingdom period in Egypt. Avaris and the rest of Egypt were rebuilt during this period, and ­Avaris itself was renamed.

34 • • • Chapter One The answer is actually fairly logical. Much as the British Empire stretched far from England proper, so too did the Hittite Empire stretch west in Turkey and south into Syria. And just as some former parts of the British Empire continue to play cricket and drink afternoon tea, long after the original empire vanished, so too some of the former parts of the Hittite Empire in northern Syria retained portions of Hittite culture, language, and religion—­so much so that we now refer to them as the Neo-­Hittites, who flourished during the early first millennium BC.

21 Evans and Pendlebury found additional imported objects at Knossos, and it has become clear over the ensuing decades that the Minoans seem to have been in both the import and the export business, industriously networking with a number of foreign areas in addition to Egypt. For instance, cylinder seals from Mesopotamia and storage jars from Canaan have been found at various sites on Crete in Middle and Late Bronze Age contexts, while Minoan pottery and other finished objects, or at least mentions of them, have been found in countries stretching from Egypt, Israel, Jordan, and Cyprus to Syria and Iraq.

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1177 B.C. : the year civilization collapsed by Eric H. Cline

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